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The Four Temperaments

The Four Temperaments!



The Four Types! Why four? Why not forty? or any other number. There are more than four kinds of people, aren't there? Of course, but everyone from the ancients to modern psychologists discovered in understanding the highly diverse nature of personalities and behaviour, we can group them into four basic types of personality. There are lots of personality systems working in the concerned areas of temperament and personality in the world now.  Many of them claim to judge the temperament and personality very accurately and give many pages of detailed reports about the person.  We respect each genuine initiative in the field of temperament and thus decided to give the readers and practitioners the most basic of all temperaments theories, i.e. The Four Temperament Theory.  Here we want to emphasize that these observations give you initial knowledge about the temperament and how one behaves in certain circumstances and we at Know Your True Self® Research Foundation (KYTS Research) highly recommend the reader to do his/her own research and homework to reach to a conclusion about this phenomenon.

Above photo credit: Henry Lorenzatto on Unsplash

As our motto is to keep things simple so that everyone can use this information for their advantage without going into that much detail,  we at Know Your True Self® Research Foundation (KYTS Research) provides you with the base of all the prevalent systems in the world.  Just understand the base and enjoy reading as it unfolds some secret truth about your inner selves. And as we emphasised earlier, you are most welcome to go beyond just understanding yourself to lead yourself and inspiring others along with way.

Let's have a brief understanding of The Four Temperaments.

1.    The Popular PersonalityThe Sanguine, Element: Air  – This outgoing, energetic, popular and highly active personality is receptive by nature and carrying a happy-go-lucky attitude. They are usually called a 'super-extrovert'. This temperament is usually thought of as a "natural salesman" but they also tend to enter professions that are outgoing such as acting, DJ, entertainment. They  "lead into a room with their mouth" and are never at a loss for words. Their outgoing nature makes them the envy of more timid temperament types. They are most comfortable around people and does not like being alone. They are  often known as a "toucher"; reaching out and touching the arm or shoulder of the person they are talking with. This can make more introverted temperament nervous and uncomfortable. Their energy can make them seem more confident than they actually are and their cheery disposition often causes others to excuse their weaknesses by saying, "That's just how he/she is". The Popular is mostly a happy person whom others are glad to have around. Read more ….

2.    The Powerful Personality, The choleric, Element: Fire – This powerful, workaholic, outgoing, decisive personality is the most forceful and active of the four types. He is strong-willed and independent and opinionated. The Powerful thrives on activity. He is the most practical and makes a sound, quick decisions. He is not afraid of obstacles and tends to drive right through or over problems. He is probably the strongest natural leader of the four types. He has the most problem with anger and does not display compassion easily. He is quick to recognize opportunities and quick to capitalize on them. Though details irritate him and, unless he learns to delegate, he will often gloss over details. His strong will and determination may drive him to succeed where more gifted people give up. The Powerful is a developer and may be seen in construction supervision or coaching or law enforcement or entrepreneurship or politics. Because of their impatience, they often end up doing everything themselves. A Powerful is extremely goal/task oriented in leading others. His biggest weakness as a leader is a tendency to run right over people if he feels they are in his way. He assumes that approval and encouragement will lead others to slack off and he probably finds criticism and faultfinding more useful for his purposes. Through his natural determination, he may succeed where others may give up. Read more ….

3.    The Perfect Personality, The melancholy, Element: Earth  – This detailed oriented, serious, purposeful, conscientious personality is an introverted temperament type. His natural style is analytical and perfectionist. He is the most moody of types ranging from highly "up" to gloomy and depressed. During his low periods he can be very antagonistic and does not make friends easily. He is the most dependable of the temperaments due to his perfectionist, loyal and conscientious tendencies. His analytical ability allows him to accurately diagnose obstacles and problems, which often keep him from making changes. He prefers the status quo and may seem overly pessimistic. He may choose a difficult life vocation involving personal sacrifice. Many Perfects become doctors or scientists or artists. Their interpersonal style can be critical and negative. He tends to be more indecisive than other types. They have difficulty giving praise and approval because they cannot bring themselves to say something that is not 100% true. They also are usually dissatisfied with themselves being highly self-critical. Read more ….

4.    The Peaceful Personality, the phlegmatic, Element: Water – This calm, cool, collected and complacent personality is best characterized by the words "easy going". He is the calm and steady person who is not easily disturbed. He is the easiest temperament type to get along with. Life for him is happy, unexcited and calm. Underneath the calm exterior, the Peaceful is the timidest temperament type. He often uses humour to make his points. The Peaceful is more an observer and does not involve him in the activities of others. Peacefuls make excellent teachers, counsellors and administrators. They are very dependable and organized and, while they never volunteer, they make good group leaders.


Points to ponder: Things to remember 

We are not 'One' temperament.  We are Blended. We all are Blended.

We are not of singular temperament or one inherent personality styles but we are of a combination of temperaments.  After defining each Temperament or Inherent Personality Style in 'black & white' we must realise that no one of us is entirely of one temperament type.  Each of us is a blend of two or occasionally three types.  One temperament type or inherent personality type is dominant and the other is secondary.  And don't forget the training, lifestyle, upbringing, environment, nationality and other circumstances may have forced an individual to function "off style'. The saddest and unhappy people we have seen are those who have "put on" a style that is not theirs naturally for so long that it has become a habitual way of life. And that what we call a Borrowed Style, A Masking. There are twelve combinations of temperaments and it may give you a more accurate version of your style. Click here for those twelve combinations.


And to know more about blends just read a few lines below.

Each Person Is a Unique Blend! As we have discussed that each one of us is blended with two or more temperaments.  Knowing & understanding these blends will unfold the mysteries of our behaviour, our way of working, our quality of relationship and our success growth. As you have scored your personality profile, you have found that you are unique. Probably no one else ever come up with the exact blend of strengths and weaknesses you have. Most people have high totals in one temperament, with a secondary in another temperament and some scattered traits. Some people are evenly distributed, and these are usually The  Peacefuls, for they are the all-purpose people and also the ones who have the most difficulty in deciding their traits.


Mainly there are three Blends.  


Natural Blends: where both temperaments are outgoing, optimistic and outspoken like Popular / Powerful combination or Peaceful/Perfect combination. They are called Natural Blends because they are the most obvious blends of the temperaments.

Complimentary Blends: Complementary blend, a combination that fits well together and completes the lacks in each other’s natures. like Powerful/Perfect combination or Peaceful/Popular combination. They are called Complimentary Blends because they compliment each other very well.

Opposite Blends: These are opposite tendencies not benefiting each other. There are obvious internal conflicts that can put into one person—the introvert and extrovert natures with the optimistic/pessimistic outlook.

There are twelve combinations of temperaments and it may give you a more accurate version of your style. Click here for those twelve combinations.


- KYTS Research Bureau
(The content writing arm of Know Your True Self® Research Foundation)



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Know Your True Self® Research Foundation (KYTS Research) Perfcet*
(Earth)Peaceful*
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